Life cycle thinking and safe-and-sustainable-by-design approaches for the battery innovation landscape
Published in: iScience
Volumen: 26 | Pages: 25 | Year of Publication: 2021 | License: CC BY 4.0
Paper Access: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2023.106060
What is the objective?
This study surveyed the technical and policy literature related to battery technology development to provide recommendations for a comprehensive approach to SSbD that remains firmly based on the principles of LCT.
Our Short Summary.
Why you should read it!
This article is primarily addressed to professionals from different disciplines with an interest in the development of safe and sustainable batteries, where the creation of organisational infrastructures for multidisciplinary decision-making is considered.
Developments in battery technology are essential for the energy transition and need to follow the framework for safe-and-sustainable-by-design (SSbD) materials, chemicals, products, and processes as set by the EU. SSbD is a broad approach that ensures that chemicals/advanced materials/products/services are produced and used in a way to avoid harm to humans and the environment. Technical and policy-related literature was surveyed for battery technologies and recommendations were provided for a broad SSbD approach that remains firmly grounded in Life Cycle Thinking principles. The approach integrates functional performance and sustainability (safety, social, environmental, and economic) aspects throughout the life cycle of materials, products, and processes, and evaluates how their interactions reflect on SSbD parameters. 22 different types of batteries were analyzed in a life cycle thinking approach for criticality, toxicity/safety, environmental and social impact, circularity, functionality, and cost to ensure battery innovation has a green and sustainable purpose to avoid unintended consequences.